HIV +ve mothers are often given antiretroviral medication to prevent their babies from being born HIV +ve. However, an observation was made by one of the psychologists in our country that these babies seem to have cognitive deficits despite being born HIV-ve. Could it be that the antiretroviral medication is negatively affecting the brain development of these children in utero?
As a preliminary study into this this, a researcher can test young children from similar social circumstances, but some from mothers who are HIV -ve, some from mothers who are HIV +ve who are not on ARV’s and some from mother who are HIV+ve but have been on ARV’s during their pregnancy. Factors such as educational achievement of the parents and/or the parents’ cognitive functioning and the mother’s substance use habits during pregnancy, would need to be controlled for.
Variations on the theme:
Please leave a reply/comment below, especially if you are thinking of doing this research.